墨伊教育中心,上海 TOPOS DESIGN

2021-06-13 11:33
 

                            

                            
项目名称:墨伊教育中心 设计单位:TOPOS DESIGN(www.topos-design.com) 设计总监:林 晨 设计团队:惠中旗(现场),王成(方案),卢丽媛(方案),章渺(实习)
设计文案:郑立跃 视觉设计:MEEM Design(www.meemdesign.cn) 业主单位: 墨伊教育 施工单位: 上海渊横建筑工程有限公司
机电顾问:王必虎 灯光顾问: 上海贝莹照明设计有限公司,上海旭亦照明科技有限公司 建筑摄影:
(空间),李在带(航拍)
项目地址:中国,上海市,黄浦区 项目规模:室内面积1200平方米,露台面积420平方米 设计时间:2019年11月至2020年6月 施工时间:2020年10月至2021年3月 主要材料:防火板 石塑地板 PVC定制地板 EPDM塑胶地面 定制玻璃钢 人造石
大自然希望儿童在成人以前就要像儿童的样子。
Nature hopes that children should be like children before they become adults.
——让·雅卢·卢梭《爱弥儿》
Jean Jacques Rousseau, 《Emile》
▼空间视频 Video
▼概念轴测 Conceptual Axonometric diagram

                            
墨伊教育是一家以培养教育二至六岁学前儿童为使命的教育机构。2020年初,TOPOS DESIGN受邀为其在上海打造首个舒适安全、富有自然力与创新力的幼儿园。位于黄浦区的3层建筑,拥有1200平米的室内空间和420平米的露台空间,设计团队希望在此儿童教育空间的设计中能够避免繁复色彩,复杂造型的流行时尚,用以接近肌肤的质感,极具分寸感的空间,打造一座拥有满满记忆,如海绵般柔软的儿童之城。
Moipoint Education is an educational institution whose mission is to train and educate preschool children between the ages of two and six. At the beginning of 2020, TOPOS DESIGN was invited to build their first kindergarten in Shanghai, which would be comfortable, natural and innovative. The three-floor architecture has 1,200 m²of indoor space and 420 m²of terrace space. Our design team hopes to avoid using complicated popular or fashion elements in the children’s education space like complicated colors or complex forms. Moreover, its purpose is to create a city for children with texture close to skin and high sense of scales, soft like a sponge and full of memories.
▼多功能室 Multifunctional Room

                            
质感的空间 Textured Space
基地位于上海市黄浦区,世博滨江的一座三层独栋。低处是中山南路,高处是内环高架,道路的一侧是越界世博园。园区外的车辆快速呼啸往来,商业用楼色彩冷漠,城市中这些强力之物咄咄逼人,而墨伊教育中心在此处用一个胶囊状的太空舱,包容着给孩子们的暖意与自由空间。
The site is located in a three-story single building on the riverside of the World Expo, Huangpu District, Shanghai. The lower side is Zhongshan South Road, the higher side is an inner ring elevated, and one side of the road is the Cross-Border Expo Park. We noticed that surrounding the park, the vehicles are noisy and passing quickly, and the colors of the commercial buildings are indifferent. These powerful city objects are aggressive. As a result, Moipoint Educational Center settles a space capsule here to contain a warm and free space for children.
▼前台 Reception

                            

                            

                            
入口避开了园区内的公共道路,隐藏在一排绿植木墙之中,形成了内与外的分界线。线内的区域以浅色木纹为基调,圆拱、圆槽、圆角形态,被使用在门、墙壁、前台。木质对抗水泥,柔和的形体对抗坚硬的直角与漫长无边的直线。可感知的质感,描绘出通往儿童行动与体验世界的地图。
The entrance avoids the public roads in the park and hidden in a row of green walls, forming a dividing line between inside and outside. The inside area is based on light wood grain, with round arches, round grooves, and rounded corners, which are used in doors, walls, and front desks. Wood is against concrete, and the soft form is against hard right angles and long, endless straight lines. Above all, the perceptible texture depicts a map leading to the world of childrens action and experience.
▼室内太空蓝色胶囊 Interior Blue Space Capsule

                            

                            

                            
从一层胶囊形态的多功能厅,经由楼梯攀登到二层,是游戏屋、教室和烘焙间。设计师为不同的房间选择了各异的尺寸与方向,来自成人世界的干涉感变得更为微弱。孩子们能够在穿行于不同房间的行动中充分体验探索的乐趣。
From the capsule-shaped multifunctional hall on the first floor, climbing to the second floor, there are the game house, classrooms and the baking room. The designer chose different sizes and directions for different rooms, in order to decrease the sense of interference from the adult world. Children can fully enjoy the joy of exploration while walking through different rooms.
▼游戏屋 Game House

                            

                            
▼教室 Classroom

                            

                            

                            

                            
自这一区域开始,海蓝色的介入,暗示了更多暗藏的隐秘空间:一个儿童尺度的冷静屋、一个登月舱风格的通道、一组仿佛刚刚从舱身上放下的舷梯,让整层空间能不断地产生新的吸引力。登上三层,除了采光充裕的教室与画室之外,蓝色的胶囊通道又一次提示着新的空间元素:它通往露台上的运动区,在这里,外部世界重新出现,但孩子们面对它时,所使用的视角已经大不相同。
From the beginning of this area, the intervention of sea blue hints more hidden spaces: A child-scale calm house, a lunar module-style passage, and a set of gangways that seem to just have been lowered from the cabin. All of them allow the entire floor space to continuously generate new attractions. On the third floor, in addition to the well-lit classrooms and studios, the blue capsule passage once again reminds new spatial elements: it leads to the sports arena on the terrace, where the outside world reappears, but when children face it, the viewing used is already different.
▼露台太空蓝色胶囊 Terrace Blue Space Capsule

                            

                            
视角的变化在顶层的大露台上更为清晰:绿植覆盖的木质护栏兼具防护、视觉导向功能,但更重要的是,在儿童的高度观看,它们高低变化的曲线,把围绕露台的绿植变成了层次丰富的丛林。不论是街道、高架桥,或是邻近的其他商业建筑体,都成为孩子们所见到的景观中被再创造过后的客体。
孩子们成为了这个质感空间的主导者。
The change of viewing is clearer on the large terrace on the roof floor: the wooden guardrail covered by green plants has both protective and visual guidance functions, but what more important is when viewed from a child’s height, guardrails’ various heights create a jungle with rich layers. Whether it is a street, a viaduct, or other nearby commercial buildings, they all become landscape objects that have been recreated by children’s eyes.
Children become the masters of this textured space.
▼露台太空蓝色胶囊 Terrace Blue Space Capsule

                            
内外的游戏 Games Inside and Outside
设计师邀请孩子们来玩一个关于“内和外”的游戏。
与绝大多数的常规校舍不同,墨伊教育中心的通道走廊不仅只是连接不同空间的拓扑点,而是作为“真实存在”的行动空间被重新发现并平等对待。它更宽阔也更完整,胶囊的圆弧元素同样无处不在。而在局部,通道的尺寸又会悄悄改变,它不再一览无余,变成了一个值得在停留、走、跑时感受细节与变化的场所。
The designer invites children to play a game about inside and outside.
Unlike most general school buildings, the corridors of the Moipoint Education Center are not only topological points connecting different spaces, but are action spaces need to be rediscovered and treated equally as real existence. It is wider and more complete, and the arc element of the capsule is everywhere. As for partial area, the size of the passage will change quietly, it will no longer be unobstructed, but become a place worthy of feeling the details and changes when staying, walking, and running.
▼活动走廊 Activity Corridor

                            
如果把各个功能房间定义为“内”,那么不言而喻,一门之隔的走廊是“外”。如果把整个建筑当作一艘正在进行冒险之旅的太空船,那么通道又比各个房间更接近太空船的内核。通道的功能未被成人定义,它是未来在这个空间成长的孩子们的另一种公共空间。
If we defined each functional room as inside, then we can say the corridor separated by a door is outside. If the whole building is regarded as a spaceship on an adventurous journey, then the corridor is closer to the core of the spaceship than any other rooms. The function of the corridor hasn’t been defined by adults. It is another public space for children for growing in the future.
▼活动走廊 Activity Corridor

                            

                            
功能的具形 Functional Form
幼儿教育空间的理念应当是什么样的?不论是皮亚杰、维果斯基还是派佩特,都会赞同它不应该是一团抽象概念的聚合,或许它该是一个大玩具,儿童可直观感知,并随时与之互动,同时发掘或创造出它的隐藏功能。
What is the concept of preschool education space? Whomever Piaget, Vygoski, or Pipette, they will disagree that it is an aggregation of abstract concepts. Perhaps, it should be a big toy that children can intuitively perceive and interact with it at any time, and discover or create its hidden function at the same time.
▼一层卫生间 1F Bathroom

                            
二层卫生间 2F Bathroom

                            

                            
墨伊教育中心的各个区域,被不同的圆、不同的弧度、不同长度的线段、不同尺寸的方块所标识。不需要依靠门牌与文字,只需使用好奇心、观察、试错,孩子们与生俱来的探索能力即可带着他们去识别不同功能的空间,并且用自己的方式去重新定义。
The various areas of the Moipoint Preschool are marked by graphic from different circles, different arcs, different-length line segments, and different-size squares. No need to rely on house numbers or words, just use curiosity, observation, trial and error, childrens innate exploration ability can lead them to identify different functional spaces and redefine them in their own way.
▼三层卫生间 3F Bathroom

                            
多功能厅的设计即是典型的例子。
在纯然客观的图纸中,它是被水平放置的拱形,圆弧所在的一端,满布的书架形成了一个开放的胶囊童书馆,包裹着同样是圆弧形的舞台;而在方形的另一端,镜面墙壁、扶手标识出舞蹈排练空间。
The multi-functional hall design is a typical example.
In the purely objective drawing, it is a horizontal arch. At one end of the arc, the bookshelves full of books form an open-capsule children’s library, which encloses the same arc-shaped stage; while on the other side of the square, mirrored walls and handrails mark the dance space.
▼多功能室 Multifunctional Room

                            

                            

                            

                            
但在儿童眼中这个空间的可能性远远不止是这样。当整个空间被天花如海浪般造型的柔和灯光均匀照亮,它的公共性也随之到达顶点。舞台正面承担着展示的意义,而伙伴们在前方作为观众,或是在舞台背面的空间协同准备,这些行动发生在彼此连通的同一个场景中。
在另一种情景中,当舞台是空间中唯一明亮的位置时,它将会成为黑夜中的孤岛。
But the possibilities of this space are far more than that in the eyes of children. When the entire space is evenly illuminated by the soft light which shaped like ocean waves on the ceiling, its publicity reaches its peak. The front of the stage bears the meaning of display for children, while the partners act as audiences in the front, or prepare together in the space on the back of the stage. All above actions happen in the same scene and connect to each other.
While in another scenario, when the stage is the only bright spot in the space, it will become an island in the dark night.
美好的点滴 Moi Moments
Moipoint中的Moi是荷兰语“美好事物”的意思,这是由业主与设计团队一起构思并命名,寓意美好的点滴。在每一个Moi的孩子身上,哪怕是最微小的细节,都灌注着墨伊团队的全身心投入。
The “Moi” in Moipoint means enjoyable things in Dutch. The name of Moipoint was conceived and named by the client and the design team together, which means enjoyable moments. Every Moipoints child, will be filled with the dedication of the Moipoint team, even the tiniest details.
▼空间标识 Space Graphic

                            
墨伊创始人投身教育行业多年,设计团队与她达成共识,务必小心翼翼地守住设计的分寸感。流行的网红设计潮流往往过度设计,设计师遗忘了如何细心地对待每一处具体的环境,反而不假思索地一用再用能够在社交媒体上快速扩散的大众敏感元素。
The founder of Moipoint has been in the education industry for many years, and our design team has reached a consensus with her, and must carefully guard the sense of design. Nowadays, popular design trends are often over-designed, designers have forgotten how to treat specific environment carefully but use sensitive elements that can quickly spread on social media without thinking.
▼楼梯标识 Stair Graphic

                            
在墨伊教育中心项目中,设计师面对的选择更为单纯。一座三层的单体幼儿教育建筑空间,其中的每一个角落,每一个参数,每一个厘米,究竟是为了什么而存在?是为了来自外部视角的观看,特别是来自互联网的遥远观看,还是为了置身其中的儿童主体?
In this particular project, the design team made the most simplified solution. In a three-story single building space for early childhood education, what is the reason to design every corner, every parameter, and every centimeter? Is it for viewing from an external perspective, especially remote viewing from the Internet, or for the subject of children in it?

                            

                            
前者需要静止的姿态,仿佛一面舞台布景,它不指向功能,而是指向流行的象征之物。而后者期待着动态的、时刻更新的自然演化。显然,孩子们会对这个空间持续使用,也会持续提供演化的动力。在这个过程中,墨伊教育中心独一无二的精神气质随之而生。
The former requires a static posture, like a stage setting. It does not point to functions, but to popular symbols. The latter is looking forward to a dynamic and constantly updated natural evolution. Obviously, children will continue to use this space and continually provide motivation for evolution. In this process, the unique spiritual temperament of Moipoint Preschool was born.
▼活动走廊 Activity Corridor

                            
▼1F平面图 1F Plan

                            
▼2F平面图 2F Plan

                            
▼3F平面图 3F Plan

                            
▼RF平面图 Roof Plan

                            

                            

                            

                            

                            

                            

                            
 

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